How Many Startups Are Created Per Capita Worldwide? A Global Analysis

The world of startups is rapidly growing, playing a vital role in driving innovation and stimulating economic growth globally. With entrepreneurs being more empowered than ever, thanks to technology advancements and increased access to resources, the number of startups created per capita serves as an important metric to gauge a country’s entrepreneurial spirit and business ecosystem. To better understand the state of startups around the world, it’s essential to take a closer look at the distribution of these ventures based on population sizes in different nations.

The United States takes the lead as the undisputed heavyweight in the startup ecosystem, with a staggering 71,153 startups, followed by India, with 13,125, and the United Kingdom, with 6,220. In terms of startup rate, the US boasted a rate of 10.7% in 2020, while the UK had a more modest rate of 5.2%, according to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. It’s worth noting that despite having relatively smaller population sizes, some countries consistently demonstrate a high startups-per-capita ratio, reflecting their commitment to innovation and entrepreneur-friendly policies.

Analyzing startup investment per capita further showcases the entrepreneurial landscape across nations. For instance, the US has an impressive average of $800 invested in startups per person in the country. However, on a per capita basis, the nation ranks fourth globally, indicating that there are other countries with even more investment allocated for their startups. This metric is crucial in highlighting how countries provide support and resources to their startup ecosystems, helping aspiring entrepreneurs turn their ideas into reality.

Global Startup Landscape

Regional Overview

  • United States: The US leads the global startup scene with a stunning 70,966 startups. The start-up rate in the United States was 10.7 percent in 2020. This clearly demonstrates the nation’s positive climate for start-ups.
  • Europe: With countries like the United Kingdom (start-up rate: 5.2 percent in 2020) and Estonia, Europe has also seen significant growth in its startup ecosystem. Other major European startup hubs include Germany, France, and Sweden.
  • Asia: In Asia, China, India, and Singapore are driving the global startup landscape. These markets are witnessing tremendous growth in recent years, with more and more companies emerging to cater to regional demand.
  • Australia: Australia’s startup scene is growing steadily, with cities like Sydney and Melbourne becoming new hubs for innovation.
  • Canada: In North America, Canada is also noteworthy for its flourishing startup ecosystem, with cities like Toronto and Vancouver leading the charge.
  • Israel: As a small yet dynamic country, Israel has developed a reputation as a global leader in innovation and startup growth.

Trending Industries

Various trending industries are thriving across the global startup ecosystem. Some of the most notable include:

How Many Startups Are Created Per Capita Worldwide
  • Fintech: driving innovation in financial services
  • Healthtech: revolutionizing healthcare and medical technology
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI): empowering businesses with advanced analytics and decision-making
  • Edtech: reshaping education with technology-enhanced learning
  • Clean energy: promoting renewable energy sources and sustainable practices

Most Innovative Startup Hubs

The following locations are known for their innovative startup hubs and ecosystems:

  1. Silicon Valley, USA: The world-renowned hub for tech startups and innovation
  2. London, UK: A significant European center for fintech and creative industries
  3. Berlin, Germany: An emerging powerhouse for startups, particularly in the tech and creative sectors
  4. Tel Aviv, Israel: Known as “Silicon Wadi,” a hotspot for cybersecurity and high-tech startups
  5. Bangalore, India: Often referred to as the “Silicon Valley of India,” a rapidly growing hub for technology and innovation
  6. Shanghai & Beijing, China: Key players in the Asian startup ecosystem with strong government support and resources
  7. Singapore: A global business hub with excellent infrastructure and a supportive legal framework
  8. Toronto, Canada: A thriving startup scene, especially in the fields of AI and fintech
  9. Sydney, Australia: Rapidly growing technology and innovation hub with strong government support

Startup Formation and Success Rates

Influence of Founders’ Age

A common misconception is that only young entrepreneurs can create successful startups. However, research shows that founders’ age varies significantly, and older entrepreneurs often bring valuable experience to their ventures. For instance, the highest five-year survival rate for new businesses is in the mining industry, at 51.3% (US Census Bureau). Moreover, founders of a previously successful business have a 30% chance of success with their next venture (Skill vs. Luck in Entrepreneurship and VC).

Early-Stage Entrepreneurial Activity

Entrepreneurial activity varies across the globe, with different countries experiencing different startup rates. According to data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, the start-up rate in the United States was 10.7% in 2020, while in the United Kingdom, it amounted to 5.2% (Statista).

In terms of industry distribution, the following percentages represent the share of startups worldwide:

  • 7.1% – Fintech
  • 6.8% – Life sciences and healthcare
  • 5.0% – Artificial intelligence
  • 4.7% – Gaming
  • 3.3% – Adtech
  • 2.8% – Edtech


The global startup economy has created approximately $3 trillion in value between 2017 and the first half of 2019, which is comparable to the gross domestic product of a G7 economy (Startup Genome). Additionally, in 2019, 84 ecosystems globally produced startups with valuations exceeding $1 billion.

Overall, startups and their founders face a dynamic landscape with varied success rates and opportunities across industries and geographic locations. Understanding these factors can help aspiring entrepreneurs make informed decisions and increase their chances of success in the competitive world of startup businesses.

Investment and Funding Trends

Venture Capital Investment

In 2021, over $612 billion in venture capital activity was invested globally, representing a 108% increase from the previous year. Investments rose in every major region compared to 2020, showcasing robust growth across the startup landscape.

Fintech Industry Funding

The fintech industry has seen significant growth in recent years, with investments in blockchain, financial technology, and cybersecurity startups receiving substantial funding. This sector continues to attract investors due to its potential for disruption and innovation.

Seed and Early-Stage Funding

Seed and angel venture capital deals value worldwide from Q4 2016 to Q1 2022 amounted to billions of U.S. dollars. These early-stage investments play a crucial role in the growth and development of startup companies, allowing them to innovate and scale.

Notable Investments and Acquisitions

  • Unicorn companies: These are startups valued at over $1 billion, often supported by sizable venture capital investments. They represent significant achievements in their respective industries.
  • Bolt: Bolt, a European ride-hailing and micro-mobility startup, received a $183 million funding round in May 2021, increasing its valuation to $1.1 billion.
  • Robotics: As technology advances, investments in robotics startups have also spiked, with venture capital and private equity firms showing increased interest in this segment.

The startup ecosystem has experienced impressive growth and investment in recent years, as evidenced by the increasing venture capital investments, fintech funding, early-stage funding, and notable investments and acquisitions across various sectors. This indicates a strong atmosphere for innovation and the development of new technologies.

High-Growth Startups and Unicorns

Tech and AI Startups

The technology sector is a major driving force behind the rapid growth of startups worldwide. In recent years, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged as a particularly significant area of focus for entrepreneurs and investors.

  • The United States leads with 51% of all unicorns, followed by China at 18.1%.
  • AI startups in sectors like cybersecurity, robotics, and fintech have attracted significant venture capital investment.
  • Israeli startups have shown an exceptional growth rate in the cybersecurity industry.

E-Commerce and Internet-Based Companies

E-commerce and internet-based companies have witnessed tremendous growth in recent years, with noteworthy startups emerging from various regions.

  • Chinese startups like ByteDance and Ant Financial rank among the highest-valued unicorns.
  • The United Kingdom (UK) and Estonia show high early-stage entrepreneurial activity in the e-commerce and fintech sectors.
  • Singapore and India have fostered successful startups in the fields of e-commerce, ad tech, and ed-tech.

Healthcare and Life Sciences Startups

Global healthcare and life sciences startups have seen an upward trend driven by innovation and technological advancements. These startups are finding solutions in areas like diagnostics, therapeutics, and digital health.

  • Startups in the United States, United Kingdom (UK), and European countries lead the pack in healthcare and life sciences.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated investment in diagnostics, vaccines, and digital health solutions.
  • Life sciences startups in Canada and Asia have also made an impact in areas like personalized medicine and genomics.
Major Startup Hubs Unicorns % Key Industries
United States 51% Tech, AI, Fintech, Healthcare
China 18.1% Tech, E-commerce, Fintech
United Kingdom N/A E-commerce, Fintech, Healthcare

Overall, businesses across these sectors continue to innovate, attract funding, and drive progress in their respective markets. With a supportive ecosystem, startups have the potential to contribute significantly to economic growth and create positive change.

Business Models and Industry Applications

B2B and B2C Startups

Startups worldwide have a wide range of applications across various industries and cater to both business-to-business (B2B) and business-to-consumer (B2C) customers. B2B startups focus primarily on providing products and services to other businesses, while B2C startups target consumers directly.

In B2B startups, there’s a focus on industries like fintech, SaaS (Software as a Service), and logistics. Some common examples include:

  • Cloud-based software for data management
  • Supply chain optimization solutions
  • Payment processing and invoicing systems

On the B2C side, startups cater to industries such as e-commerce, healthcare, and entertainment. Notable examples include:

  • Online marketplaces for products and services
  • Telehealth platforms
  • Streaming and content-sharing services

Innovations in Technology and Services

Startups play a significant role in driving innovation within industries through the development of new technologies and services. Advances in areas like artificial intelligence, machine learning, and blockchain technology often stem from the entrepreneurial ambitions of startup founders.

Some prominent examples of innovations in technology and services include:

  • AI-based customer support and chatbots
  • Machine learning algorithms for data analysis and prediction
  • Decentralized financial platforms using blockchain technology

These innovations enable startups to offer unique and valuable services to customers, propelling their growth and positioning them as industry leaders within their respective fields.

Disruptive Business Models

Disruptive business models are also a hallmark of successful startups. By challenging traditional business norms and introducing new ways of doing things, startups can disrupt entire industries and reshape customer expectations. Some disruptive business models that have emerged from the startup ecosystem are:

  • Subscription-based models: Customers pay a recurring fee for continuous access to products or services, such as software licenses, streaming services, or product deliveries.
  • On-demand services: Platforms that connect customers with service providers for immediate fulfillment, such as ride-hailing, food delivery, or gig-based services.
  • Crowdfunding: Funding projects or businesses through small contributions from a large number of supporters, enabling entrepreneurs to secure financing without relying solely on traditional investors.

These business models allow startups to stand out from their competitors, create new market opportunities, and thrive in today’s rapidly evolving business landscape.


The number of startups around the world varies greatly across different nations, but it is evident that the United States leads with 70,966 startups, which is three times more than the rest of the world’s top 10 countries combined. This can be attributed to the country’s positive climate for start-ups, along with factors such as a thriving economy and established support networks.

The start-up rate in the United States was 10.7% in 2020, while the United Kingdom’s rate stood at 5.2%. These rates indicate that a significant number of people are still venturing into entrepreneurship, even in the face of uncertainty. In fact, the “Big 4” startup countries, consisting of the U.S., U.K., Israel, and Canada, have consistently demonstrated stability, innovation, and strong startup economies.

However, it is essential to consider that startup sizes are shrinking, with the average number of employees in a startup falling by 20%, from 5 employees in 1994 to just four employees in 2019. This trend can be a result of various factors, including advancements in technology, shifts in market trends, or changes in management structures.

In conclusion, the number of startups created per capita worldwide is influenced by factors such as a nation’s economy, innovation capabilities, and supportive ecosystems. The United States, United Kingdom, Israel, and Canada remain at the forefront of global startup activity, demonstrating their robust startup environments. As the dynamics of the world’s economy continue to evolve, nations that invest in nurturing their entrepreneurial ecosystems may see growth in their startup activity.

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